Michael Burry, the founder of Scion Asset Management and one of the main characters in Michael Lewis’s book “The Big Short,” is well-known for his value investing approach and for successfully predicting and profiting from the subprime mortgage crisis of 2007-2008. His investment principles are deeply rooted in fundamental analysis, focusing on undervalued and distressed securities. Here, we delve into the financial metrics and ratios that Burry emphasizes in his investment strategy, shedding light on his approach to selecting stocks.

Fundamental Analysis at the Core

Burry’s investment strategy is grounded in fundamental analysis, which involves a thorough examination of a company’s financial statements, market position, competitive advantages, and future prospects. He looks for discrepancies between a company’s stock price and its intrinsic value, often focusing on distressed or misunderstood companies that the market overlooks.

Key Financial Metrics and Ratios

Price-to-Earnings (P/E) Ratio: One of the most basic yet essential metrics, the P/E ratio compares a company’s stock price to its earnings per share (EPS). Burry looks for stocks with low P/E ratios relative to their industry peers or historical averages, indicating they may be undervalued.

Price-to-Book (P/B) Ratio: This ratio compares a stock’s market value to its book value, providing insights into how much investors are willing to pay for each dollar of a company’s net assets. A low P/B ratio can indicate a potentially undervalued stock, which Burry often seeks out.

Debt-to-Equity (D/E) Ratio: Burry examines a company’s financial leverage by looking at its D/E ratio, which compares total liabilities to shareholders’ equity. A high D/E ratio might indicate a company with potentially higher risk due to its significant debt levels, but it can also highlight opportunities in distressed securities that Burry is known to explore.

Free Cash Flow: Free cash flow (FCF) is a critical indicator of a company’s financial health, representing the cash a company generates after accounting for cash outflows to support operations and maintain capital assets. Burry focuses on companies generating positive and growing free cash flow, suggesting they have more flexibility for debt repayment, dividends, and reinvestment in growth opportunities.

Operating Margin and Profit Margins: Profitability ratios like operating margin and net profit margin are crucial for Burry. They provide insights into how efficiently a company converts revenue into actual profit. Higher margins indicate better operational efficiency and profitability, characteristics of companies that Burry might consider undervalued.

Return on Equity (ROE): ROE measures a company’s profitability by revealing how much profit a company generates with the money shareholders have invested. High ROE values are often a sign of competitive advantage and managerial efficiency, key attributes for Burry’s investment selections.

While Burry places significant emphasis on financial metrics and ratios, he also considers qualitative factors that can affect a company’s intrinsic value. These include the quality of a company’s management team, its competitive advantages (or “moats”), market position, industry dynamics, and potential regulatory impacts. He is known for his detailed research and deep dives into the sectors or companies he invests in, often going against the grain of popular opinion.

Michael Burry’s investing principles are characterized by a disciplined focus on fundamental analysis, emphasizing both quantitative metrics and qualitative factors. By closely examining financial ratios like P/E, P/B, D/E, and cash flow metrics, alongside operational efficiency indicators and profitability ratios, Burry identifies undervalued or distressed securities with potential for significant returns. His approach underscores the importance of thorough research, patience, and a contrarian mindset in value investing. Investors looking to emulate Burry’s success would do well to adopt a similarly meticulous and discerning approach to stock selection, paying close attention to the financial health, market position, and intrinsic value of their investments.

Now let’s analyze Alphabet Inc. (GOOG) stock using this principles:

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Analyzing Alphabet Inc. (GOOG) stock. Why is Michael Burry investing in GOOG?


Alphabet Inc. (GOOG), the parent company of Google, is a significant player in the tech industry with a market capitalization of $1.80 trillion. It boasts a diverse portfolio that includes search, cloud computing, advertising, and a range of other technology-driven services. This analysis will scrutinize Alphabet’s financial health and market position from a value investing perspective.

Market Position and Financials

Alphabet’s revenue of $307.39 billion reflects its massive presence in the global tech market, and with a net income of $73.80 billion, it demonstrates formidable profitability. An EPS of $5.80 indicates earnings power, albeit the company’s large share count dilutes individual share earnings.

Valuation Metrics

The PE ratio of 25.05 and a forward PE of 20.68 signify market confidence in Alphabet’s growth trajectory, though they are on the higher end for traditional value investing. The lack of a dividend might deter investors seeking income, but this is typical for growth-oriented tech companies that prefer to reinvest profits.

Historical Performance and Dividends

Alphabet has experienced a significant 59.54% increase in stock price over the past year, which may suggest the market is optimistic about its future prospects. A beta of 1.06 shows that the stock’s volatility is slightly above the market average but still within a reasonable range for many investors.

Liquidity and Debt

The company has a robust current ratio of 2.10 and a quick ratio of 1.94, which indicate excellent liquidity and the ability to cover short-term obligations. With a Debt/Equity ratio of 0.09, Alphabet maintains a conservative approach to leveraging, which is a positive sign for value investors.

Efficiency Ratios and Returns

Alphabet’s return on equity (ROE) at 27.20% is impressive, pointing to efficient management and a strong competitive advantage. The return on assets (ROA) of 19.00% and the return on invested capital (ROIC) of 23.48% further highlight the company’s effective use of its capital.

Analyst Opinions and Forecasts

With a price target of $150.68, there’s a projected upside of 3.71%. The “Buy” consensus among analysts suggests optimism about the stock’s future performance. The 5-year revenue and EPS growth forecasts are 10.46% and 17.77%, respectively, which may not be as aggressive as some high-growth tech companies but still present a growth opportunity for investors. 


Alphabet Inc. offers a compelling case for value investors with an affinity for the tech sector. Its strong market position, solid financials, and efficient capital usage are positive indicators. While the absence of dividends and a higher PE ratio might not fit the traditional value investing template, Alphabet’s continuous growth, innovation, and financial stability could make it an attractive option for value investors with a longer-term horizon and a focus on capital appreciation. Investors should also consider the broader industry trends and Alphabet’s strategic initiatives in various technology domains before making an investment decision.

Beyond The Numbers

Burry’s thoughts reflect not only his unique approach to investing but also his deep understanding of the intricacies of the market. Let’s now explore these insightful thoughts and strategies and the lessons they offer to investors.

Navigating Financial Waters

“Lost dollars are simply harder to replace than gained dollars are to lose.” – Michael Burry

Michael Burry’s astute observation serves as a reminder of the importance of capital preservation. While it’s natural to focus on making profits, safeguarding your investments from losses is equally crucial. Burry’s approach is characterized by a meticulous assessment of risk, emphasizing the need to protect your capital diligently.

Unearthing Hidden Gems

“I try to buy shares of unpopular companies when they look like roadkill and sell them when they’ve been polished up a bit.” – Michael Burry

Burry’s investment philosophy revolves around identifying undervalued and overlooked opportunities. His willingness to go against the crowd and invest in unpopular companies has yielded substantial returns. This quote underscores the potential for profit in contrarian investing, where patience and a discerning eye can uncover hidden value.

Watching the Lenders

“What you want to watch are the lenders, not the borrowers. The borrowers will always be willing to take a great deal for themselves. It’s up to the lenders to show restraint, and when they lose it, watch out.” Michael Burry

Burry’s focus on lenders highlights the importance of monitoring the financial stability of institutions. Borrowers may pursue opportunities aggressively, but it’s the lenders who set the tone for responsible lending practices. Recognizing signs of excessive risk-taking among lenders can provide valuable insights into potential market downturns.

The Pursuit of Sustainable Returns

“I seek individual investments that will allow me to target total portfolio returns of at least 20% annually after fees and expenses on an annual basis over a period of years, not months.” – Michael Burry

Burry’s long-term perspective on investing is evident in this quote. He emphasizes the need to seek investments with the potential for sustainable, high returns over extended periods. This approach discourages the pursuit of short-term gains and encourages investors to focus on building wealth steadily.

The Outsider’s Advantage

“My natural state is an outsider, and no matter what group I’m in or where I am, I’ve always felt like I’m outside the group, and I’ve always been analyzing the group.” – Michael Burry

Burry’s ability to maintain an outsider’s perspective, even in the midst of financial markets, has been a key driver of his success. This trait allows him to critically assess prevailing market sentiments and make independent, well-informed decisions.

The Power of Intrinsic Value

“Common hedging techniques include shorting stocks, buying put options, writing call options, and various types of leverage and paired transactions. While I do reserve the right to use these tools if and when appropriate, my firm opinion is that the best hedge is buying an appropriately safe and cheap stock.” – Michael Burry

This strategy underscores Burry’s belief in the importance of intrinsic value. Rather than relying solely on complex hedging strategies, he prefers to mitigate risk by investing in fundamentally sound, undervalued stocks. This approach aligns with the principles of value investing.

The Art of “Ick Investing”

“‘Ick investing’ means taking a special analytical interest in stocks that inspire a first reaction of ‘ick.’ I tend to become interested in stocks that by their very names or circumstances inspire unwillingness – and an ‘ick’ accompanied by a wrinkle of the nose on the part of most investors to delve any further.” – Michael Burry

Burry’s concept of “ick investing” emphasizes the value of exploring opportunities that others might dismiss due to their unappealing nature. Sometimes, these “ick” stocks can hold hidden potential, making them intriguing prospects for diligent investors.

Contrarian Roots

“The late ’90s almost forced me to identify myself as a value investor because I thought what everybody else was doing was insane.” – Michael Burry

Burry’s evolution as an investor reflects his resistance to following popular trends blindly. During the dot-com bubble of the late ’90s, he remained committed to value investing principles, highlighting the importance of staying true to one’s convictions, even when the market appears irrational.

A Lifelong Passion

“I started trading stocks, options, and futures while I was at UCLA, using my earnings from working summers at the old IBM plant on Cottle Road. I never lost interest in how companies work. It’s fundamental to who I am.” – Michael Burry

Burry’s journey as an investor began early in life, and his enduring curiosity about how businesses operate has been a driving force in his career. This quote emphasizes the significance of continuous learning and a genuine passion for investing.

Prudent Decision-Making

“If a lender offers me free money, I do not have to take it.” – Michael Burry

Burry’s stance on accepting loans serves as a reminder of the importance of careful decision-making. Opportunities that appear too good to be true may carry hidden risks. A prudent investor assesses the implications of any financial arrangement before proceeding.

Valuing Volatility

“I will always choose the dollar bill carrying a wildly fluctuating discount rather than the dollar bill selling for a quite stable premium.” – Michael Burry

Burry’s preference for volatile but undervalued assets highlights his willingness to embrace market fluctuations. This approach reflects his belief in the potential for substantial gains when the market corrects itself.

Investing in Alignment with Self

“If you are going to be a great investor, you have to fit the style to who you are.” – Michael Burry

Burry’s advice encourages investors to align their strategies with their unique characteristics and risk tolerances. Cookie-cutter approaches may not yield the same results for everyone. Recognizing one’s individual traits and adapting investment styles accordingly can lead to more successful outcomes.

Patience as a Virtue

“My positioning with my investors was always, I need three to five years.” – Michael Burry

In a world driven by short-term gains, Burry’s emphasis on a longer investment horizon demonstrates the value of patience. Achieving substantial returns often requires time and unwavering commitment to an investment thesis.

The Enduring Appeal of Common Stocks

“Regardless of what the future holds, intelligent investment in common stocks offers a solid route for a reasonable return on investment going forward.” – Michael Burry

Burry’s enduring faith in common stocks underscores his belief in their long-term potential. Despite market uncertainties, he sees them as a reliable avenue for investors to achieve reasonable returns over time.

In-Depth Understanding

“I don’t believe anything unless I understand it inside out. And even if I understand something, it is not uncommon that I disagree with the accepted view.” – Michael Burry

Burry’s commitment to thorough comprehension and independent thinking distinguishes him as an investor. This approach underscores the significance of informed decision-making and the willingness to challenge prevailing beliefs.

Proactive Bubble Detection

“It is ludicrous to believe that asset bubbles can only be recognized in hindsight.” – Michael Burry

Burry’s assertion challenges the idea that asset bubbles can only be identified after they burst. He advocates for proactive monitoring and analysis to identify bubbles before they pose significant risks to investors.

Categorizing the Stock Market

“In essence, the stock market represents three separate categories of business. They are, adjusted for inflation, those with shrinking intrinsic value, those with approximately stable intrinsic value, and those with steadily growing intrinsic value.” – Michael Burry

Burry’s categorization of businesses within the stock market based on intrinsic value highlights the importance of evaluating companies beyond their stock prices. Understanding a company’s intrinsic value can inform investment decisions.

The Importance of Independent Research

“I think a lot of hedge funds get their trades from Wall Street and get their ideas from Wall Street. And I just like to find my own ideas. I’m reading a lot; I read a lot of news. I’m addicted to it. I basically – I follow my nose on news stories.” – Michael Burry

Burry’s emphasis on independent research and idea generation highlights the value of self-reliance in the investment process. Investors who actively seek their own opportunities may discover insights that elude those who rely solely on mainstream sources.

Water: A Precious Resource

“Fresh, clean water cannot be taken for granted. And it is not – water is political, and litigious. Transporting water is impractical for both political and physical reasons, so buying up water rights did not make a lot of sense to me unless I was pursuing a greater fool theory of investment – which was not my intention.” – Michael Burry

Burry’s caution regarding water investments underscores the need to consider not only financial factors but also the broader social and environmental context when making investment decisions. Responsible investing takes into account the long-term sustainability of resources like water.

In conclusion

Michael Burry’s thoughts on investing provides a window into the mind of a maverick investor who has achieved remarkable success through his contrarian approach and commitment to understanding the intricacies of financial markets. Investors can draw valuable lessons from his wisdom, emphasizing prudence, patience, and independent thinking in their own investment journeys.

Investing Rules and Principles

Invest with a margin of safety: 

This means buying stocks that are trading below their intrinsic value. This gives you a buffer in case the stock price falls.

Be a contrarian investor:

Don’t follow the crowd. Instead, look for opportunities where the market is wrong.

Invest in what you know:

Don’t invest in things that you don’t understand.

Be patient: 

Don’t expect to get rich quick. Investing is a long-term game.

In addition to these rules, Burry has also shared a number of other investing principles. These principles include

“The market can stay irrational longer than you can stay solvent”: 

This means that the market can be wrong for a long time, and if you’re not careful, you can lose a lot of money if you’re not prepared for it.

“The first sign of trouble is when the cheerleaders stop cheering”:

This means that when everyone is getting excited about the market, it’s a good time to start getting worried.

“When everyone thinks they’re a genius, it’s time to be really worried”: 

This means that when everyone is feeling confident about the market, it’s a good time to start questioning their own assumptions.

How to Use Michael Burry’s Investing Rules and Principles

Extensive Research and Independent Thinking:

One of the core principles of Burry’s investing strategy is thorough research. He believes in digging deep into a company’s fundamentals and thoroughly understanding the industry in which it operates. Burry’s approach involves identifying undervalued assets that the market has overlooked, often driven by his independent thinking and contrarian views.

Long-Term Perspective:

Burry emphasizes the importance of taking a long-term view when it comes to investing. He believes in identifying investments with strong long-term potential, even if short-term market conditions are unfavorable. This approach allows him to withstand short-term volatility and focus on the underlying value of the investment.

Value Investing: 

Burry is known for his value investing approach, which involves identifying stocks that are trading at a significant discount to their intrinsic value. He looks for companies with solid fundamentals, low price-to-earnings ratios, and attractive growth prospects. By investing in undervalued assets, Burry aims to generate substantial returns over time as the market recognizes their true worth.

Margin of Safety:

Burry places a strong emphasis on the concept of a “margin of safety.” He seeks to invest in assets where the gap between the current market price and the intrinsic value is substantial. This approach helps protect against downside risks and provides a buffer in case of unexpected market fluctuations.

Contrarian Thinking:

Burry is renowned for his contrarian views and willingness to go against the crowd. He believes that the market is not always efficient and can be driven by irrational behavior. By taking contrarian positions, he aims to identify investment opportunities that others may have overlooked or undervalued.

Risk Management:

Effective risk management is a crucial aspect of Burry’s investing strategy. He believes in conducting a thorough analysis of potential risks before making any investment decisions. By carefully assessing risk factors, he aims to protect his capital and maximize potential returns.

Focus on Macro Trends:

Burry pays close attention to macroeconomic trends and their potential impact on the financial markets. He seeks to identify broader economic shifts that can create investment opportunities. This approach allows him to position his investments accordingly and take advantage of emerging trends.

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